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Minister of Foreign Affairs

Linas Linkevičius

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Created: 2018.10.09 / Updated: 2019.07.17 14:28

Timeline of the UK's withdrawal from the European Union

January and March of 2019 UK Parliament voted 3 times against the Withdrawal Agreement
25 March 2019 European Commission completed no-deal preparations
10 April 2019 European Council extended the date of Brexit to 31 October 2019
11 April 2019 Lithuania completed no-deal preparations
The second half of 2019 European Parliament to give its consent for the Withdrawal Agreement
1 November 2019 UK will officially leave the EU
31 December 2020 The end of transitional period if the Withdrawal Agreement is ratified

General information about Brexit negotiations

In a referendum on 23 June 2016, a majority of citizens in the United Kingdom (UK) voted for the withdrawal of the UK from the European Union (EU). On 29 March 2017, the UK informed the European Council of its intention to leave the EU, in accordance with Article 50 of the Treaty on European Union. The UK was supposed to cease to be a member of the EU on 29 March 2019.

The negotiations between the UK and the EU started in May 2017. The European Commission negotiated on behalf of the EU. The negotiations were completed on 14 November 2018, when the EU and the UK chief negotiators have reached an agreement on the draft Withdrawal Agreement and on the Outline of the Political Declaration on the framework for the future relationship between the UK and the EU. The agreed documents were approved by the UK Government on 14 November 2018. Based on the Outline, the full text of the Political declaration on the future EU-UK relationship was prepared involving Member States and at the same tame negotiating with the UK. On 25 November 2018 the extraordinary European Council endorsed the Withdrawal Agreement and approved the Political declaration, which sets out the framework of EU-UK future relationship.

The Withdrawal Agreement has to be ratified by the British parliament and by the European Parliament and the Council. After the Withdrawal Agreement will come into force, a transitional period will begin. The transitional period will end on 31 December 2020. This period will allow delaying the outcomes until the withdrawal date. Until the end of the UK's process of withdrawal from the EU, the UK enjoys the same rights and obligations as if it remained an EU member state.

In January and March of 2019, the British Parliament voted 3 times against the Withdrawal Agreement. In consequence, on request by British Government, European Council agreed to grant the extension of the withdrawal date to 31 October 2019. If the UK ratifies the Agreement before that date, they will leave the EU on the first day of the coming month. If UK does not ratify the Agreement by 31 October and the withdrawal date is not postponed, the UK will leave the EU without the agreement.

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